LANDSCAPING REQUIREMENTS

 

 

The Town’s landscaping requirements are aimed to provide a well balanced, aesthetically pleasing environment for the residents of the Town. They are intended to maintain and enhance property values; enhance the appearance of all nonresidential developments; provide adequate buffers between different land uses; improve the character and appearance of the Town; and reduce erosion and stormwater runoff.

 

(1) Submittal Requirements:

 

(a)        The applicant shall submit two sets (11 x 17) of landscape plans for review to the Department of Community Development. The landscape plan can also be e-mailed through a format that can be accessed by the Town.

 

(b)        Landscape plans are required for all nonresidential projects.

 

(c)        The landscape plan may be incorporated into the site plan or provided separately.

 

(d)        No permit for use that is subject to the requirements of this section shall be issued until the landscape plan has been approved by the Director of Community Development.

 

(e)        The landscape plan shall be drawn to scale and accurately depict the following information:

 

(1)        The names of all of the types of plant species proposed.

 

(2)        The number, size and spacing of all proposed plants and the height of trees and shrubs at the time of planting.

 

(3)        The lot area and the total area of the lot required to be landscaped.

 

(4)        Location and dimensions of planting areas.

 

(5)        Details of any required berms or fences.

 

(6)        The location of any proposed or required pedestrian walkways.

 

(2) Design Criteria:

 

(a)      All landscaping shall not obstruct pedestrian walkways, vehicular use of driveways, and parking stalls.

 

(b)      Stormwater-related devices, such as detention/retention basins and ponds, culverts, and rip rap structures should be landscaped to reduce their visual impacts. Such landscaping may include evergreen plantings, shrubbery, hedges, and other suitable planting materials that will control siltation and erosion.

 

(c)      Existing tress and other types of vegetation should be preserved whenever possible. The Community Development Director on a case-by-case basis may reduce new landscaping requirements if existing trees or other types of vegetation are preserved.

 

(d)      Fire hydrants shall be free from obstruction on all sides by a minimum of 3 feet. Landscaping shall not be placed over any existing or proposed utility easements.

 

(e)      Environmentally sensitive areas designated by the Town shall be preserved and untouched by development. The same standard applies to wetlands.

 

(f)       Berms shall be designed to following standards:

 

(1)      Maximum of 4 ft. in height and must comply with the approved drainage plan.

 

(2)      Berms shall not be placed over existing or proposed utility easements.

 

(3)      Town staff will approve any vegetative cover or other landscaping placed on top of a berm for screening/aesthetic purposes.

 

(4)      Town staff must first approve berms placed near street right-of-ways in order to make sure that there is adequate vision near all roadways and/or intersections.

 

(5)      The slope of the berm shall not exceed the ratio of 3:1.

 

(6)      The Town strongly discourages berms if they would replace existing vegetation that could be used as screening.

 

(g)      ALL landscaping must be completed before final occupancy is granted. If it is not possible, then the applicant must submit and sign a letter stating that all landscaping shall be completed within 6 months of the issuance of final occupancy, with the understanding that the Town can issue citations if the applicant does not comply.

 

(3) Maintenance Requirements:

 

(a)       All landscaping and mature trees shall be maintained for the life of the project.

 

(b)       Dead or damaged landscaping shall be replaced within 1 month of notification by the Town or during the next planting season if not possible at the current time.

 

(4) Commercial Zoned Districts:

 

Commercial districts include the B-1, B-2, B-3, B-4, B-5 districts and commercial uses in the M-1 and M-2 districts. All zoning districts are referenced from the joint Town/Winnebago County Zoning Ordinance.

 

(a)    Screening Requirements:

 

(1)        Screening is mandated if the commercial zoned property abuts residential or public zoned property. The joint Town/County Zoning Ordinance allows up to a 10 ft. solid wood fence to be used as screening. For this ordinance, when a fence has two distinct sides, the side with protruding studs, posts, etc. shall face the building of the lot responsible for the placement of the fence. If a berm is proposed, it must follow the guidelines of (2) (f), above. The Director of Community Development can mandate other types of screening, based on site characteristics and adjacent land uses, as deemed necessary.

 

(b)  Plant Material Requirements:

 

All commercial developments shall provide at least (1) tree per three thousand five hundred (3,500) square feet of site area.

 

(1)      Trees:

 

(a)           Deciduous trees shall have a drunk diameter of at least one and one-half inches measured at six inches above the ground, and shall be a minimum of 4-6 feet in height at the time of planting.

 

(b)          Evergreen trees shall be at least 4-6 feet in height at the time of planting.

             

All commercial developments must incorporate shrubs and ground cover.

 

                     They must adhere to the following guidelines:

 

   (1)   Shrubs:

 

(a)        One (1) shrub per one thousand (1,000) square feet of site area. Non-flowering shrubs shall be at least 1-2 gallon size and at least twenty-four inches high at the time of planting.

       

  (2)  Ground Covers:

 

(a)        Areas of the site that are not occupied by buildings, parking, or accessory structures must have ground cover. Ground cover includes low-growing, living plant materials such as perennials, grass, ivy, and similar plants. For purposes of this ordinance, chipped wood, bark, similar mulching materials or nonliving artificial plant materials are not acceptable substitutes for required ground cover.

 

                           (3)   Open Space Requirements:

 

(a)        The B-4 and B-5 zoning districts must meet the 30 percent open space requirement of the joint Town/County Zoning Ordinance. Water, wetland, right-of-way, or roadway may not be used to calculate the open space requirement. In addition, these districts must have enhanced landscaping in order to meet the intent of the district. The Director of Community Development will approve the enhanced landscaping plans in the B-4 and B-5 districts, unless the Planning Commission mandates that it approves the landscape plan as part of a condition of the Town Conditional Use Permit.

 

(b)        There are no minimum open space requirements set forth by the joint Town/County Zoning ordinance for the B-1, B-2, and B-3 zoning districts.

           

                            (4)   Parking Lot Landscaping Requirements:

 

(a)        All commercial parking lots requiring at least a minimum of 15 or more parking spaces, as required by the joint Town/County Zoning Ordinance, shall provide landscaping in accordance with the provisions of this ordinance. Smaller parking lots shall provide landscaping as deemed appropriate by the Director of Community Development.

 

                         (5)   Interior Island Landscaping Requirements:

 

(a)        Interior islands shall be reviewed by Town staff on a case-by-case basis to determine if they are acceptable for the site (e.g. traffic flow, open space requirements, etc.). If deemed acceptable for the site, the interior island(s) should be landscaped.

 

(5) Industrial Zoned Districts:

 

Industrial districts include the uses allowed in the M-1 and M-2 districts, as referenced in the joint Town/Winnebago County Zoning Ordinance.

 

(a) Screening Requirements:

 

(1)   Screening shall be placed on industrial zoned property that abuts residential or public zoned property. The joint Town/County Zoning Ordinance allows up to a 10 ft. solid wood fence to be used as screening. The Director of Community Development can mandate other types of screening, based on site characteristics and adjacent land uses, as deemed necessary.

 

(b)   Plant Material Requirements:

 

(1)   Landscaping shall be provided in the M-1 and M-2 districts and the Community Development Director will approve the landscape plan on a case-by-case basis.

 

(6) Alternative Landscape Plan/Methods:

 

(a)  Alternate landscaping plans, plant material, or planting methods may be used where unreasonable or impractical situations would result from application of landscaping requirements, or where necessary to protect existing vegetation. New landscaping requirements can be reduced if existing trees or other types of existing vegetation are preserved. Alternative plans, materials, or methods may be justified from natural conditions, such as streams, natural rock formations, topography, and physical conditions related to the site. Also, the lot configuration and utility easements may justify an alternative-landscaping plan.

 

(b)  The Director of Community Development will approve the alternative landscape plan. The Director will determine if the alternative plan meets the intent of the land use as well as the adjacent land uses. The alternative plan must indicate the type, number, location, coverage, and height (at planting and maturity) of the plantings.

 

(c)  The Director of Community Development will approve minor revisions to an approved landscaping plan. The revision must have at least the same amount of landscaping and similar types of plant species. A list of the new plant species shall be provided with the revision.

      

 

TABLE:  Summary of Minimum Requirements

    

 

Zoning

District

 

 

Trees

 

 

Shrubs

 

Ground Cover

 

 

Open Space

 

B-1

(Local Service District)

1 per 3,500 sq. ft. of site area

 

 

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of site area

 

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.

 

None

B-2

(Community Service District)

1 per 3,500 sq. ft. of site area

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of site area

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.

None

B-3

(General Business District)

1 per 3,500 sq. ft. of site area

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of site area

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.

 

None

B-4

(Business Park District)

1 per 3,500 sq. ft. of site area.

Enhanced landscaping is required.

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of site area. Enhanced landscaping required.

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.  See open space requirement as well.

 

 

30 percent

B-5

(Planned Commercial Business District)

1 per 3,500 sq. ft. of site area

Enhanced landscaping is required.

 

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of site area. Enhanced landscaping required.

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures. See open space requirement as well.

 

 

 

30 percent

M-1

(Light Industrial District)

Required -Discretion of Comm. Dev. Director

Required-Discretion of Comm. Dev. Director

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.

 

 

None

 

M-2

(Heavy Industrial District)

Required -Discretion of Comm. Dev. Director

Required -Discretion of Comm. Dev. Director

Required on all site areas without bldgs., parking, & accessory structures.

 

None