TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

   I.                INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................. 2

II. BACKGROUND INFORMATION........................................................................................... 3

III PLANNING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES............................................................................... 33

IV LAND DEVELOPMENT POLICIES & ACTIONS  50

V. LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION PLAN  53

 

VI. SEWER SERVICE AREA      66

 

VII. TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................... 69

 

VIII. PLAN IMPLEMENTATION 83

 


 

 

I.  INTRODUCTION

 

The Town of Menasha Comprehensive Development Plan has been prepared under the direction of the Town's Planning Commission and Town Board pursuant to Section 62.23 Wisconsin Statutes (City Planning).  The Plan was developed after a series of well-attended public meetings that were held at several locations throughout the Town.  It should be noted that while this Plan specifically focuses on land use, transportation and redevelopment issues, several other Town plans and studies also comprise the community's "master plan".  This Plan is intended to serve as the blueprint for guiding the physical development and redevelopment of the Town of Menasha.  The Plan provides a long-term (through the year 2010) community development strategy and should be used by Town officials and other decision-makers as physical development and redevelopment related decisions are made.  All zoning, land subdivision, capital facilities planning, and related actions should be consistent with the goals, objectives, and recommendations of this Plan.  It is important to reiterate that this Plan should be referred to every time a community development related decision is being considered.  This is the only way that the Plan can be effectively implemented over time.  The Plan should serve as a "working document" that guides decision-makers on a day to day basis.

 

The Town of Menasha Comprehensive Development Plan has been adopted by the Town as an official master plan under Section 62.23 Wisconsin Statutes (the Town has adopted village powers) and carries the force of a master plan and official map as therein described.  The Plan should be evaluated by Town officials and amended as needed to keep current with changes brought about by time.


 

 

II.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

 

This Chapter of the Town of Menasha Comprehensive Plan is intended to provide a summary of background information relevant to preparation of the Plan.   This Chapter includes a summary of data regarding demographics, land use, natural resources, public facilities, and transportation.  This data will be used to develop specific recommendations and policies, which are provided in later Chapters of the Plan.

 

Sources

 

A number of sources were utilized to complete the background information chapter.  Key resources included the 1980 and 1990 United States Census, Town of Menasha 1994 Annual Report, Overall Economic Development Program Update and 1994 Annual Report (ECWRPC, 1993 and 1994), Fox Cities Sewer Service Area Plan (ECWRPC, 1992), Evaluation of the West Side Sanitary Sewer System for the Town of Menasha Sanitary District #4  (McMahon Associates, Inc., 1991),  Water System Evaluation for the Town of Menasha Sanitary District No. 4 (McMahon Associates, Inc., 1989),  West Side Arterial Study (ECWRPC, 1990), Long-Range Transportation/Land use Plan for the Fox Cities, Oshkosh and Fond du Lac urban Areas/Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan and Interim Status Report (both ECWRPC, 1994), plans, ordinances, maps and studies done for Outagamie County Airport, Town of Menasha Codes, Ordinances, data bases and maps, and interviews with various agencies and individuals

 

Community Location and Profile

 

The Town of Menasha, Wisconsin is located in Winnebago County with area on both the east and west sides of Little Lake Buttes Des Morts (part of the Fox River) that are connected by the State Highway 441 bridge.  The Town is roughly bordered by the City of Menasha to the east, bordered by Lake Winnebago, the Town of Neenah and the City of Neenah to the south, the Town of Clayton to the west and the Towns of Greenville, Grand Chute and the City of Appleton to the north.  The Town is in the Appleton-Neenah-Oshkosh Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) which has a total population of 334,991.  Rapid population growth and housing development have occurred in the Town of Menasha over the past several years as it has become home to several large industries.  The Town of Menasha is easily accessed by State or U.S. highways from all directions, is served by the Wisconsin Central Railroad, and by the Outagamie and Winnebago Airports.

 

The Town of Menasha is comprised of 14.2 square miles.   In 1990, the Town had a population density of 1,109.1 persons per square mile and 437.6 housing units per square mile.

 

Annual Average Daily Traffic

 

The Wisconsin Department of Transportation publishes highway traffic volume data each year.  The Maps following  are reproduced from the March 1996 volume of  Wisconsin Highway Traffic Volume Data:




 


 

 

Demographic Information

 

The following Tables contain a summary of Town of Menasha demographic data.  A brief description of the data provided follows each Table.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                             TABLE 1

                                                                                                         HISTORIC POPULATION TRENDS 1950-1992

                                                                                           TOWN OF MENASHA AND NEIGHBORING JURISDICTIONS

 

 

 

 

Year

 

Jurisdiction

 

 

 

Town of Menasha

 

Town of Neenah

 

Town of

Grand Chute

 

Town of Greenville

 

City of Menasha

 

City of Appleton

 

Winnebago County

 

Outagamie County

 

East Central Region *

 

State of Wisconsin

 

1950

 

3,007

 

2,045

 

5,948

 

1,223

 

12,385

 

34,010

 

91,103

 

82,322

 

366,887

 

3,434,575

 

1960

 

5,480

 

2,273

 

5,035

 

1,538

 

14,647

 

48,411

 

107,128

 

101,794

 

413,397

 

3,951,777

 

% Change 1950-1960

 

82%

 

11%

 

-15%

 

26%

 

18%

 

42%

 

18%

 

24%

 

13%

 

15%

 

1970

 

8,682

 

2,942

 

7,089

 

2,675

 

14,836

 

56,377

 

129,946

 

119,398

 

475,090

 

4,417,821

 

% Change 1960-1970

 

58%

 

29%

 

41%

 

74%

 

1%

 

16%

 

21%

 

17%

 

15%

 

12%

 

1980

 

12,307

 

2,864

 

9,529

 

3,310

 

14,748

 

58,913

 

131,772

 

128,730

 

511,033

 

4,705,642

 

% Change 1970-1980

 

42%

 

-3%

 

34%

 

24%

 

-1%

 

4%

 

1%

 

8%

 

8%

 

7%

 

1990

 

13,975

 

2,691

 

14,490

 

3,806

 

14,711

 

65,695

 

140,320

 

140,510

 

542,712

 

4,891,769

 

% Change 1980-1990

 

14%

 

-6%

 

52%

 

15%

 

-0.3%

 

12%

 

6%

 

9%

 

6%

 

4%

 

1992

 

14,285

 

2,735

 

15,392

 

4,031

 

14,928

 

66,658

 

142,972

 

143,765

 

552,186

 

4,968,224

 

% Change 1990-1992

 

2%

 

2%

 

6%

 

6%

 

1%

 

1%

 

2%

 

2%

 

2%

 

2%

 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

·          The East Central Region is a ten-county Economic Development District under the ECWRPC, which includes Winnebago County.


 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                TABLE 2

                                                                             POPULATION PROJECTIONS 1995-2015

                                                            TOWN OF MENASHA AND NEIGHBORING JURISDICTIONS

 

 

 

Year

 

Jurisdiction

 

 

 

Town of Menasha

 

Town of Neenah

 

Town of Grand Chute

 

Town of Greenville

 

City of Menasha

 

City of Appleton

 

Winnebago County

 

Outagamie County

 

1995 estimate

 

14,948

 

2,781

 

16,628

 

4,371

 

15,160

 

58,217

 

146,976

 

149,583

 

2000

 

15,811

 

2,823

 

18,149

 

4,771

 

15,468

 

59,473

 

151,646

 

155,634

 

% Change 1995-2000

 

5.8%

 

1.5%

 

9.1%

 

9.2%

 

2.0%

 

2.2%

 

3.2%

 

4.0%

 

2005

 

16,516

 

2,838

 

19,463

 

5,117

 

15,621

 

60,050

 

154,797

 

159,912

 

% Change 2000-2005

 

4.5%

 

0.5%

 

7.2%

 

7.2%

 

1.0%

 

1.0%

 

2.1%

 

2.7%

 

2010

 

17,038

 

2,843

 

20,530

 

5,397

 

15,709

 

60,584

 

156,965

 

163,508

 

% Change 2005-2010

 

3.2%

 

0.2%

 

5.5%

 

5.5%

 

0.6%

 

1.0%

 

1.4%

 

2.2%

 

2015

 

17,583

 

2,833

 

21,696

 

5,704

 

15,728

 

60,801

 

158,735

 

166,750

 

% Change 2010-2015

 

3.2%

 

-0.4%

 

5.7%

 

5.7%

 

0.1%

 

0.4%

 

1.1%

 

2.0%

 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census and Wisconsin Department of Administration

 

The Town of Menasha is predicted to have more moderate growth in the next twenty years; it is expected to grow by 16.7% between 1995 and 2015.  Only the Towns of Grand Chute and Greenville are expecting higher growth rates than the Town of Menasha (27.5% and 27.6% respectively.)  The largest amount of growth is expected within the next 5 years and then it is projected to taper off in the years following.

 

When considering population projections, it is important to remember that it is difficult to accurately project populations for small areas (less than 50,000).  Therefore, the projections should be considered an educated guess of future growth based upon past growth trends in the community.  Unforeseen changes in the local or regional economy, or significant changes in birth, death or migration rates can dramatically alter population growth in small areas.


 

 

 

 

                                                                                                         TABLE 3

                                                                                              AGE COMPOSITION

                                                                                TOWN OF MENASHA 1980 AND 1990

 

 

Age Range

 

1980 Total

 

1980 Percent

 

1990 Total

 

1990 Percent

 

Under 5

 

978

 

8

 

1,059

 

8

 

5-17

 

2,934

 

24

 

2,552

 

18

 

18-64

 

7,580

 

62

 

9093

 

64

 

65 and over

 

734

 

6

 

1,271

 

9

 

Total

 

12,226

 

100

 

13,975

 

99*

 

Median Age

 

27.7

 

-

 

32.9

 

-

 

    *Shortage due to rounding

     Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

 

 

The age composition of the residents of the Town of Menasha was significantly younger in 1980 than it was in 1990.  This follows a general aging trend throughout Wisconsin and the United Sates.  The percentage of school age children is down by one-third and the percentage of those 65 and over is up by 50 percent.  The median age of the residents of the Town of Menasha has gone up by more than 5 years in the ten-year period.  As the trend for an increase in median age and in those over age 65 continues, there will be a growing need for housing, services and facilities that meet the needs of the elderly.


 

 

 

 

                                                                                                         TABLE 4

                                                                             HOUSEHOLD INCOMES 1979 AND 1989

                                                            TOWN OF MENASHA AND NEIGHBORING JURISDICTIONS

 

 

 

Year

 

House-hold Income

(dollars)

 

Town of Menasha

 

Town of

Grand Chute

 

Town of

Greenville

 

City of

 

 

City of Appleton

 

Winnebago

County

 

State of Wisconsin

 

 

1979

 

Median

Household

 

21,303

 

22,465

 

21,915

 

17,741

 

19,080

 

18,064

 

17,687

 

 

 

Per Capita

 

7,712

 

8,753

 

6,940

 

7,393

 

7,861

 

7,323

 

7,256

 

 

 

1989

 

Median

Household

 

37,049

 

39,683

 

40,608

 

27,275

 

33,006

 

30,007

 

29,442

 

 

 

Per Capita

 

16,439

 

17,229

 

14,873

 

13,360

 

14,735

 

13,696

 

13,276

 

 

Percent

Change

1979-1989

 

Median

Household

Income

 

 

+74

 

 

+77

 

 

+85

 

 

+54

 

 

+73

 

 

+66

 

 

+66

 

 

 

Per Capita

 

+113

 

+97

 

+114

 

+81

 

+87

 

+87

 

+83

 

 

    Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

 

The median and per capita income in the Town of Menasha is significantly higher than that for Winnebago County or Wisconsin.  The other neighboring Towns also have higher than average incomes most likely indicating the trend of upper income households locating in rural areas of the urban fringe.

 

 


 

 

 

 

TABLE 5

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PERSONS PER HOUSEHOLD 1980 AND 1990

TOWN OF MENASHA AND NEIGHBORING JURISDICTIONS

 

 

Year

 

Town of Menasha

 

Town of

Neenah

 

Town of

Grand Chute

 

Town of

Greenville

 

City of Menasha

 

City of Appleton

 

Winnebago County

 

Outagamie

County

 

State of Wisconsin

 

1.01 or more persons per room  (% of total housing units)

 

        97

        (2)

 

       15

       (2)

 

        71

        (2)

 

         26

         (3)

 

       107

        (2)

 

      364

       (2)

 

         725

          (1)

 

       1,233

          (3)

 

      40,270

          (2)

 

1980

 

average number of persons per household

 

 

       2.9

 

 

      3.22

 

 

      2.88

 

 

        3.41

 

 

       2.64

 

 

      2.72

 

 

         2.7

 

 

        2.96

 

 

         2.77

 

1.01 or more persons per room  (% of total housing units)

 

        47

      (<1)

 

         5

      (<1)

 

        52

      (<1)

 

         24

         (2)

 

        75

        (1)

 

      397

       (2)

 

         676

          (1)

 

         904

          (2)

 

      38,340

          (2)

 

1990

 

average number of persons per household

 

 

      2.59

 

 

      2.77

 

 

      2.59

 

 

        3.04

 

 

       2.46

 

 

      2.57

 

 

        2.64

 

 

        2.78

 

 

         2.68

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

 

The Town of Menasha average number of persons per household (2.59) is 3.6% lower than the average of all nine neighboring jurisdictions and 3.6% lower than the State average (both are 2.68 persons per household.)  The average number of persons per household is lower in 1990 than it was in 1980 for all jurisdictions following a national trend of steadily declining numbers over the past several decades.  This trend has been attributed to an aging population, higher divorce rates and more single person households.  A declining household size has implications in community planning since it takes an increasing number of new housing units to house the same number of people, even if the population of the community is growing at a slow rate.  Thus, even if the community was not growing in population there would be a demand for additional housing units.

 

Overcrowding in housing is usually defined as more than one person per room.  According to the 1990 U.S. Census, there were 47 units (<1%) in the Town of Menasha that were overcrowded (down from 97 units in 1980).  One- percent (676) of housing units in Winnebago County were overcrowded.  All jurisdictions except the City of Appleton showed a decrease in overcrowding from 1980 to 1990.

 

 

                                                                                                 TABLE 6

                                                                               1990 HOUSING UNIT VALUE

                                                   TOWN OF MENASHA AND NEIGHBORING JURISDICTIONS

 

 

Value of owner occupied units

(dollars)

 

Town

of Menasha

(%)

 

Town of

Neenah

(%)

 

Town of

Grand Chute

(%)

 

Town of

Green-ville

(%)

 

City

of Menasha

(%)

 

City

of Appleton

 

Winnebago County

 

Outagamie County

 

State

of Wisconsin

 

<50,000

 

375

(12)

 

57

(7)

 

164

(6)

 

39

(5)

 

1,316 (41)

 

3,279 (22)

 

9,218

(31)

 

7,328

(24)

 

287,197

(31)

 

 

50,000-

99,999

 

2,236

(69)

 

524

(66)

 

1,844

(63)

 

582

(75)

 

1,715

(53)

 

9,886

(66)

 

16,617

(56)

 

19,092

(63)

 

492,163

(54)

 

 

100,000-

149,999

 

396

(12)

 

126

(16)

 

639

(22)

 

135

(17)

 

128

(4)

 

1,159

(8)

 

2,481

(8)

 

2,667

(9)

 

95,292

(10)

 

 

150,000-

199,999

 

142

(4)

 

42

(5)

 

184

(6)

 

22

(3)

 

35

(1)

 

340

(2)

 

718

(2)

 

642

(2)

 

24,660

(3)

 

 

200,000-

299,999

 

56

(2)

 

28

(4)

 

70

(2)

 

3

(<1)

 

34

(1)

 

168

(1)

 

411

(1)

 

253

(<1)

 

12,286

(1)

 

 

300,000

or more

 

19

(<1)

 

18

(2)

 

16

(<1)

 

0

(0)

 

13

(<1)

 

40

(<1)

 

143

(<1)

 

64

(<1)

 

5,110

(<1)

 

 

Total Specified Owner-Occupied

Housing

Units

 

 

 

3,224

 

 

 

795

 

 

 

2,917

 

 

 

781

 

 

 

3,241

 

 

 

14,872

 

 

 

29,588

 

 

 

30,046

 

 

 

916,708

 

        Source: 1990 U.S. Census

 

Nearly seventy percent of the homes in the Town of Menasha are valued between $50,000 and $99,999, which is a higher percentage rate in that value category than any of the other jurisdictions. There are also more homes valued at under $50,000 and slightly fewer homes in the upper value categories in the Town of Menasha than there are in the other towns.  All of the towns, however, have significantly fewer homes valued at under $50,000 than the cities, counties and state.  This reflects the trend of increasing decentralization of older urban areas.


 

 

 

TABLE 7

HOUSING UNITS BY STRUCTURAL TYPE

TOWN OF MENASHA - 1990

 

 

Building type

 

Town of Menasha

(%)

 

Winnebago

County (%)

 

State of Wisconsin  (%)

 

One Unit

Attached Garage

 

305

(6)

 

1,225

(2)

 

50,380

(2)

 

 

One Unit

Detached Garage

 

3,524

(64)

 

37,695

(67)

 

1,342,230

(65)

 

 

2-4 Units

 

445

(8)

 

8,848

(16)

 

277,221

(13)

 

 

5-9 Units

 

569

(10)

 

2,381

(4)

 

81,331

(4)

 

 

>10 Units

 

399

(7)

 

4,212

(8)

 

175,285

(9)

 

 

Mobile Home, Trailer or other

 

272

(5)

 

1,762

(3)

 

129,327

(6)

 

 

Mean Number of Rooms

 

5.7

 

5.6

 

5.5

 

Total Units

 

5,514

 

56,123

 

2,055,774

 

        Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

 

Table 7 shows that single family dwellings comprise 69% of all dwellings units in the Town of Menasha.   This percentage is identical to Winnebago County and slightly higher than the State of Wisconsin as a whole.  The mean number of rooms per household is consistent with the larger jurisdictions.


 

 

 

TABLE 8

AGE OF STRUCTURES

TOWN OF MENASHA AND WISCONSIN

 

 

Year Unit Built

 

Town of Menasha (%)

 

Winnebago

County (%)

 

Wisconsin

(%)

 

1989-1990

 

220 (4)

 

987 (2)

 

37,933 (2)

 

 

1985-1988

 

724 (13)

 

3,965 (7)

 

119,036 (6)

 

 

1980-1984

 

688 (12)

 

4,258 (8)

 

141,608 (7)

 

 

1970-1979

 

1,833 (33)

 

10,652 (19)

 

433,401(21)

 

 

1960-1969

 

988 (18)

 

8,460 (15)

 

288,716 (14)

 

 

1950-1959

 

525 (10)

 

7,106 (13)

 

277,876 (14)

 

 

1940-1949

 

248 (4)

 

4,478 (8)

 

172,154 (8)

 

 

1939 and earlier

 

286 (5)

 

16,217 (29)

 

585,050 (28)

 

Source: East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission

 

The greatest amount of building in the Town of Menasha occurred between 1970 and 1980 when 33 percent of the community's structures were built.  This is consistent with what happened in Winnebago County and Wisconsin.  The Town also experienced significant building from 1980 through 1990 with 1,632 new structures.  Prior to 1970 there were only 2,047 structures in the Town indicating that most structures in the Town [3,465 (63%)] were built within the last 15 years.  Relatively few units in the Town were built prior to 1940; thus substandard housing does not appear to be a major issue in the community.


 

 

 

TABLE 9

TENURE STATUS OF EXISTING YEAR-ROUND HOUSING STOCK--1990

TOWN OF MENASHA AND LARGER JURISDICTIONS

 

 

Occupancy Status

 

Town of

Menasha

 

Winnebago

County

 

East Central

Region*

 

State of

Wisconsin

 

Occupied Housing Units

 

5,351

 

53,216

 

199,686

 

1,822,118

 

% of Total that are Occupied Housing Units

 

97

 

95

 

89

 

89

 

Owner Occupied

Housing Units

 

3,769

 

35,423

 

144,293

 

1,215,350

 

% of Total that are

Owner Occupied Units

 

68

 

63

 

65

 

59

 

Renter Occupied

Housing Units

 

1,582

 

17,793

 

55,393

 

606,768

 

% of Total that are

Renter Occupied Units

 

29

 

32

 

25

 

30

 

Vacant Units

 

163

 

2,907

 

23,476

 

233,656

 

 

% of Total that are

Vacant Housing Units

 

3

 

5

 

11

 

11

 

Homeowner

Vacancy Rate

 

1.5

 

1.2

 

1.2

 

1.2

 

Rental Unit Vacancy Rate

 

2.5

 

3.5

 

3.9

 

4.7

 

Total Housing Units

 

5,514

 

56,123

 

223,162

 

2,055,774

 

          Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

         *The East Central Region is a ten-county Economic Development District, which includes Winnebago County

 

Table 9 shows that there is a very high percentage of occupied housing units (97%).  This suggests a low availability of existing housing within the Town of Menasha for both homeowners and renters.  Vacancy rates of 3% for owner occupied and 5% for rental units are considered desirable.  Lower vacancy rates indicate a tight housing market.  Sixty-eight percent of the housing units in the Town of Menasha are owner occupied a slightly higher rate than Winnebago County (63%) and Wisconsin (59%).


 

                       

                                                                                                                                                   TABLE 10

                                                                                                 NUMBER OF BUILDING PERMITS ISSUED AND BUILDING VALUES

                                                                                                                              TOWN OF MENASHA 1990 - 1995

 

 

STRUCTURE

TYPE

 

NUMBER OF PERMITS AND ESTIMATED CONSTRUCTION VALUE

 

 

 

1990

#

 

1990

VALUE $

 

1991

#

 

1991

VALUE $

 

1992

#

 

1992

VALUE $

 

1993

#

 

1993

VALUE $

 

1994

#

 

1994

VALUE $

 

1995

#

 

1995

VALUE $

 

Single Family

 

86

 

8,460,796

 

98

 

9,111,413

 

119

 

10,700,493

 

71

 

8,003,750

 

57

 

8,064,900

 

47

 

Not

Available

 

Duplex/ Two Family

 

8(16)

 

767,000

 

9(18)

 

992,900

 

8

 

801,000

 

3

 

406,400

 

7

 

806,000

 

4

 

Not

Available

 

Multiple Family

 

6(24)

 

3,561,000

 

2(12)

 

434,000

 

6

 

1,210,000

 

4

 

1,085,000

 

7

 

2,464,000

 

0

 

Not

Available

 

Mobile Homes

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

7

 

201,332

 

12

 

328,401

 

38

 

1,023,027

 

21

 

Not

Available

 

Total Dwelling Unit Permits

 

100

 

12,788,796

 

109

 

10,538,313

 

140

 

2,223,032

 

90

 

9,823,551

 

109

 

12,357,927

 

72

 

23,918,221

 

Commercial/

Industrial

 

10

 

93,700

 

9

 

2,226,100

 

13

 

33,640,000

 

12

 

22,441,720

 

18

 

13,011,000

 

52

 

7,401,433

 

Total

 

110

 

12,882,496

 

118

 

12,664,413

 

153

 

35,863,032

 

102

 

32,265,271

 

127

 

25,368,927

 

124

 

31,319,654

 

   Source: Town of Menasha Annual Building Permit Summaries

 

 

Table 13 shows that the Town of Menasha experienced a construction boom of single family and duplex structures during the years 1990 through 1993, then the construction rate tapered off significantly through 1995.  Conversely, there was no mobile home construction in 1990 and 1991 and a total of 78 mobile home units constructed between 1992 and 1995.  The peak year for construction was 1992 with 140 permits issued valuing over 2 million dollars for dwelling units and 33 million dollars in commercial development.

 


 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                 TABLE 11

                                                                       NUMBER OF CERTIFIED SURVEY MAPS AND SUBDIVISION PLATS APPROVED

                                                                                                                          TOWN OF MENASHA 1991-1995

 

 

YEAR

 

CERTIFIED SURVEY MAPS (CSM's)

 

PRELIMINARY SUBDIVISION PLATS

 

FINAL

SUBDIVISION

PLATS

 

TOTAL

 

1991

 

23

 

2

 

1

 

26

 

1992

 

20

 

1

 

5

 

26

 

1993

 

19

 

0

 

1

 

20

 

1994

 

31

 

0

 

4

 

35

 

1995

 

19

 

0

 

0

 

19

 

TOTAL

 

112

 

3

 

11

 

126

 

Source: Town of Menasha

 

The Town of Menasha approved 112 Certified Survey Maps and 126 final subdivision plats between 1991 and 1995. These numbers suggest that rapid development has been taking place over the past five years.

 


 

 

 

TABLE 12

CITY STATUS, TOWN OF MENASHA,

WINNEBAGO COUNTY AND WISCONSIN

1979 AND 1989

                                                                                                                                                           

 

Location

 

Number in Sample

 

Number of Households below poverty level

 

Percent Below Poverty Level

 

1979

Town of Menasha

 

12,067

 

714

 

5.9

 

1979

Winnebago County

 

126,772

 

8,542

 

6.7

 

1979

Wisconsin

 

4,582,005

 

397,758

 

8.7

 

1989

Town of Menasha

 

13,825

 

853

 

6.2

 

1989

Winnebago County

 

133,950

 

11,793

 

8.8

 

1989

Wisconsin

 

4,754,103

 

508,545

 

10.7

 

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990

 

The percentage of people living under the poverty level in 1989 went up very slightly from the rate in 1979 (+. 3).  The larger jurisdictions had a more significant increase in poverty that follows the national trend, (Winnebago County poverty went up by 1.2% and Wisconsin went up by 2%).  The Town of Menasha has a low percentage of people with incomes under the poverty level compared to the County and the State.


 

 

 

TABLE 13

INDUSTRY OF EMPLOYED PERSONS

TOWN OF MENASHA

 

 

Industry

 

Number Employed

 

Percent of Employment

 

Agriculture

 

122

 

2

 

Forestry and fisheries

 

0

 

0

 

Mining

 

5

 

0

 

Construction

 

292

 

4

 

Manufacturing

Nondurable Goods

 

2,037

 

26

 

Manufacturing

Durable Goods

 

773

 

10

 

Transportation

Air, trucking service, warehousing,

and other transportation

 

 

246

 

 

3

 

Communications,

Utilities and

Sanitary Services

 

 

101

 

 

1

 

Wholesale Trade

 

305

 

4

 

 

Retail Trade

 

1,242

 

16

 

 

Finance, Insurance and

Real Estate

 

433

 

6

 

Business and Repair

Services

 

246

 

3

 

Private Household and

Personal Services

 

181

 

2

 

Entertainment and

Recreation Services

 

78

 

1

 

Health Services

 

606

 

8

 

 

Educational Services

 

481

 

6

 

 

Social services,

religious and membership organizations

 

185

 

2

 

Legal, engineering and

other professional services

 

239

 

3

 

Public Administration

 

116

 

2

 

 

TOTAL

 

7,688

 

99*

 

                                                                                            *Shortage due to rounding Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990


 

 

 

Table 13, shows that the greatest number of workers in the Town of Menasha (26%) is employed in the manufacturing of nondurable goods.  Retail trade employs 16 percent and manufacturing of durable goods has 10 percent of the working population.  The rest of the industry categories have relatively low numbers of workers.

 

 

TABLE 14

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF

PERSONS 25 YEARS OF AGE AND OLDER

TOWN OF MENASHA AND WINNEBAGO COUNTY, 1990

 

                                                                                                                                                           

 

Educational Attainment

 

Town of Menasha

 

Winnebago County

 

Less than 5th grade

 

.4

 

.7

 

 

High School Graduate or Higher

 

85.9

 

80.6

 

Some College or Higher

 

44.4

 

41.0

 

Bachelor's Degree or Higher

 

20.5

 

18.2

 

 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1990

 

Table 14 shows that over 44% of the residents of the Town of Menasha have had at least some college education.  The Town of Menasha has a higher percentage of persons having attained a high school or higher educational level than residents of Winnebago County as a whole.

 

Land Use Regulations

 

Land use in the Town of Menasha is regulated by the Winnebago County Zoning Ordinance and by the Town of Menasha Subdivision Ordinance. All subdivision and site plan regulations are administered along with processing zoning changes, variances and conditional use permits which are jointly reviewed and acted upon by Winnebago County as stipulated under the joint Town/County Zoning Ordinance.  The Town of Menasha Planning Commission reviews all subdivision of land, rezoning applications, conditional use permits and variances that are applied for in the Town.  All Planning Commission actions are advisory to the Town Board of Supervisors.  The Town Board takes final action on subdivisions and makes recommendations and has final authority on rezonings and conditional use permits and recommendations on variances to Winnebago County.  The County may deny rezonings and conditional use permits that have been approved by the Town Board.  Further, the County can approve a rezoning to lower zoning designations if the Town Board denies a rezoning. 

 

 

The Planning Commission is an advisory body to the Town Board and consists of the Town Chairman, one Town Board member, three citizen members and a representative from the Sanitary District and the Park Commission.  Commission members are appointed for their term as a Board member or, in the case of citizen members, for three year staggered terms.  The Planning Commission reviews applications on all land subdivisions, rezonings, conditional use permits, and variances.  Meetings of the Planning Commission are held on the third Wednesday of each month.  Sanitary District No. 4 also has three elected Commissioners.  Other governmental bodies include the Park Commission, the Board of Review, and various committees.

 


 

 

Environmentally Sensitive Areas and Limiting Environmental Conditions

 

The East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (ECWRPC) identifies as part of its regional land use and water quality planning process, environmentally sensitive areas where development should be limited.  These areas are designated on the Fox Cities Sewer Service Areas map (ECWRPC).  Environmentally sensitive areas are comprised of the following:

 

1.       Lakes and streams shown on the United States Geographic System maps;

2.       Wetlands shown on the Wisconsin Wetland Inventory Maps (Department of Natural Resources)

3.       Floodways as delineated on the official Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) Flood Boundary and Floodway Maps

 

In addition to the designations of environmentally sensitive areas, other areas with natural characteristics that could impact environmental quality or development potential have been identified by ECWRPC.  These areas have been termed areas with "limiting environmental conditions" and include areas with seasonal high groundwater (within one foot of the surface), floodplain areas, lands with shallow bedrock (within five feet of the surface) and areas with steep slopes (12 percent or greater).  Unlike the environmentally sensitive areas, development is not excluded from land with "limiting environmental conditions;" the primary purpose for identifying those areas is to alert communities and potential developers of environmental conditions which should be considered prior to the development of such areas.

 

The Fox Cities Sewer Service Areas map shows that the majority of the areas designated environmentally sensitive are along the shores of Little Lake Butte des Morts and its tributaries.  A significant area is the Stroebe Island wetland complex, which is also the outlet for Mud Creek, another significant environmental area, which drains a majority of the land within the sewer service area. The map also shows several areas on the West Side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts having bedrock within five feet of the surface and areas along the shore that are floodplains.  There are pockets of land on the West Side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts and a small portion of the Town that borders Lake Winnebago that has groundwater within 1 foot of the surface.

 

Most of the areas designated as environmentally limiting have already been developed with the exception of some areas of bedrock within five feet of the surface in the Far Western portion of the Town.  Environmentally sensitive areas put few limiting factors on future development to the west.


 

 

 

Prime Agricultural Lands

 

A significant portion of the undeveloped portion of the Town of Menasha, mostly to the west of Little Lake Buttes des Morts, is classified as prime agricultural land with such soils as Whalan Silt Loam, Winneconne Silt Loam and Hortonville Silt Loam.  There are eight active and ten leased farms in the Town of Menasha. They are all located in the area that lies north of Kimberly Lane, south of CTH BB, west of Cold Spring Road and east of Clayton Avenue. 

 

Historic Resources and Archeological Sites

 

There are no sites within the Town that are on the National or State Historic Register, however, there are four houses listed on the Wisconsin Inventory of Historic Places.  These houses are located at the following locations:

 

1.     South side of CTH BB, .7 miles west of USH 41 (Section 4, NW ¼);

2.     East side of North Clayton Avenue, .6 miles south of  E. Shady Lane(Section 7, SW ¼);

3.     On CTH AP, .6 miles NE of STH 114 (Section 12);

4.     West Side of USH 10, .5 miles south of CTH AP (Section 12, NE ¼).

 

 In the early 1900's, 19 archeological sites within the Town of Menasha were reported to the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, but the record is unclear as to how many of these sites still exist since no recent inventories have been completed.  These historic and archeologically important sites include sites of Native American villages, effigy and burial mounds and battlefield sites.  While a list of these sites is available, the State Historical Society has indicated that these locations are strictly confidential and are not meant for publication.

 

Parks and Outdoor Recreation

 

 The Town of Menasha Parks and Open Space Plan is updated every 5 years Parkland dedication is a requirement for new residential development according to the guidelines in the Town's Subdivision Ordinance.  Residents of the Town may participate in summer recreational programs for a nominal fee intended to cover supplies. The Town of Menasha parks feature nine tennis courts, baseball diamonds, cross-country ski trails, and exercise course, a wheelchair exercise course, soccer fields, an 18 hole frisbee golf course, a boat landing, and a giant slide. There are also several Tot Lots with playground equipment.  Calder Stadium (operated and maintained by the Menasha Joint School District) is the site for many community and school sporting events.  The Following Park, outdoor recreation and open space sites are located in the Town of Menasha:

 

Community Parks

 

O'Hauser Park (North and South)                      67 acres

Wittmann Park                                                                      25 acres

Schildt Park                                                                           10 acres


 

 

Neighborhood Parks

 

Fritsch Park                                                                           18 acres

Palisades Park                                                                       16 acres

Fritse Park                                                                             5 acres  (200 feet of shoreline)

Buttes des Morts Park                                                        2.1 acres  (2 parcels, .5 and 1.6 acres)

 

 

Recreation Lots (Tot Lots)

Strohmeyer Park                                                   1.5 acres

Westfield Park                                                                      <1 acre

Kippenhan Park                                                                    <1 acre

Roy Kuehn Park                                                   <1 acre

Pearl Cox Park                                                                       <1 acre

 

 

Other Recreational Facilities

 

Quasi-Public:

Youth Sports

Tri-County Ice Arena

Club West Limited

Butte des Morts Country Club (Town of Grand Chute)

 

 

 

Recreational Trail System

 

A number of bicycle and pedestrian trails were proposed in a publication by the ECRPC dated December 1994 for the Fox Cities area, in which the Town of Menasha is included. Trails that might serve the Town would be constructed along new or reconstructed roadways that go through or near the Town.  Proposed trails that would affect the Town are; Extension of CTH "CE" trail, West Side Arterial Trail, Midway Road Trail, Extension of  Highway 10 Trail, Outagamie and Fox Cities Greenways plans and 1995 ISTEA applications near the Town.   A recreational trail has been constructed  next to the new Highway 10 extension and along CTH “CE”.



 

Town of Menasha Area Schools

 

UW Fox Valley Center (City of Menasha)

Maplewood Middle School (City of Menasha)

Gegan Elementary School (City of Menasha)

Spring Road Elementary School  (Town of Menasha)

Calder Stadium (City of Menasha)

 

The Town of Menasha is served by the City of Neenah School District for the properties located on the west side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts, by the Menasha Joint School District for properties on the East side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts, and by the City of Appleton School District for a small portion of the northeastern portion of the Town.  As of June of 1995 there were only six homes within the Town of Menasha that are served by the Appleton School District and children in those homes can be bused to Berry Elementary School, Madison Middle School or East High School.  Students in the Town can also elect to attend parochial schools that provide kindergarten through twelfth grade education.  Saint Mary’s Central  High School is located  at the intersection of Cold Spring and Jacobsen Roads.  Other area parochial schools include:

 

Saint Gabriel (Preschool, Kindergarten through 5th)

Saint Margaret Mary (grades 1-5)

Saint Mary's Elementary (grades 1-5)

Saint Mary's Central High School (grades 9-12)

Saint Joseph's Catholic Middle School (grades 6-8)

Saint Xavier High School (grades 9-12)

 

In February of 1995 a referendum was passed allowing the Neenah School District to spend $15 million on a program for expansion and renovation of existing schools. Spring Road Elementary School, which is the only school currently located within the Town of Menasha, has undergone some renovations under this program. Talks are currently underway regarding the construction of a consolidated Middle/ High School within the Town limits.  There is also some consideration by the Neenah School District for placing another elementary school within the Town of Menasha. Students in the Town of Menasha are bused to school.  In many portions of the Town, a lack of sidewalks poses a possible hazard to pedestrian traffic to and from school.

 

The Menasha Joint School District has ample capacity to serve the students in the Town and has no plans to purchase land, construct new buildings or expand existing buildings in the near future.  Banta School is a facility that holds the Fox Tots Day Care (four rooms), the Early Childhood program, 4 year old pre-school, the Head Start program, alternative High School, and administrative offices.  Clovis Elementary school houses special education programs and also is structured for 100% availability to physically handicapped students.


 

 

 

The Menasha and Neenah School Districts' current 1995 and projected enrollments are as follows:

 

9-15-95                   2000-2001

School Name                                                         Enrollment             Projected              

 

Menasha Joint School District:

 

Butte des Morts Elementary                                              477                          Not Available

Gegan Elementary                                                                412                          Not Available

Clovis Elementary                                                                381                          Not Available

Jefferson Elementary                                                           189                          Not Available

Nicolet Elementary                                                               152                          Not Available

 

Total Elementary:                                 1,611                       1,620

 

Maplewood Middle School                                                847                          780

Menasha High School                                                        1,086                       1,068

Special Services (Banta School)                                        14                            Not Available

 

 

Neenah School District:                                                                    1996-1997

Projected

 

Clayton Elementary  (K-5)                                  323                          325         

Spring Road Elementary (K-5)                                           365                          350

Taft Elementary  (K-5)                                                         285                          240         

(Has 3 Early Childhood classrooms)

Shattuck Middle School                                                                                      960

Neenah High School                                                                                           2000

 

 

Also in the vicinity of the Town of Menasha are the Fox Valley Technical College (1825 N. Bluemound Drive, Appleton), Lawrence University (115 S. Drew St., Appleton), and University of Wisconsin Center-Fox Valley (1478 Midway Road, Menasha).

 

Lamers Bus Lines Inc. serves the area of the Town requiring bus service east of Highway 41 and Kobussen Buses Limited serves the area to the west of Highway 41.

 

Medical Facilities and Elderly Housing

 

Hospitals that serve the Town are located in the Cities of Appleton and Menasha.  There are also several local medical facilities such as doctors and dentists offices that are located either within the Town itself or in close proximity.  In addition to these, there are two facilities in the Town of Menasha that provide housing and services for ambulatory elderly residents.


 

 

 

Library Services

 

The libraries in the Cities of Menasha and Appleton are the ones most commonly used by the people in the Town of Menasha.  There exists an inter-county agreement whereby patrons may use one library card to check out books from any library in the system. Patrons may also request books to be sent from one library in the system to another for convenience in obtaining materials.

 

Police Department

 

The Town of Menasha Police Department employs 22 sworn officers, six civilians (four full-time and two part-time) and runs seven vehicles.  A new station has been completed at the site of the new Town Municipal Complex.

 

Service agreements with other jurisdictions include:

Mutual Aid Agreement with City of Appleton

Lake Winnebago Area Metropolitan Enforcement Group (MEG) Agreement

Firearms Range Agreement with city of Appleton

Tri-County Expressway Patrol Agreement with Winnebago County Sheriff's Department

Consolidated SWAT Team Agreement with City of Appleton

 

Fire Department

 

The Town of Menasha is served by 50 paid-on-call, certified fire fighters that live in or near the Town.  The service area coincides with the Town of Menasha boundaries.  Three employees, a Fire Chief, the Fire Marshal and an Administrative Assistant make up the full-time staff. There is a countywide Mutual Aid agreement with all neighboring jurisdictions and the Insurance Services Office has issued a Class 4 rating for the department.  There are two fire stations, which are adequately meeting the needs of the community at this time.  There is adequate water pressure; however, the far west end of Town is without hydrants.

 

Other Public Facilities and Services

 

The Town of Menasha provides a curbside recycling service.  Recyclables are picked up every other week on the same day as garbage collection.

 

A new Municipal Complex has been constructed at the intersection of Shady Lane and the West Side Arterial on an old landfill site.  This facility includes space for the Town administrative offices, Town meetings, the Police Department, the Parks Department, Street Department and the Town Garage.

 

 

Assessor’s Office

 

Responsibilities of the Town of Menasha Assessor’s Office include: "discovery and listing of all real and personal property; preparation and delivery of forms required by the Department of Revenue; and, preparation of statistical analyses necessary to support and adjust changing market conditions."  (Town of Menasha 1994 Annual Report) Field functions of the Assessor’s Office consist of viewing and documenting all of the construction occurring during the year, and determining the value of structures given their location.  Office functions include: studies of market trends, cost of construction studies, assessment changes notification, assistance in Board of Review appearances, maintenance of all property records and personal property accounts, and providing information to residents, real estate brokers and appraisers upon inquiry.

 

 

Assessments

 

Assessments in the Town of Menasha increased by a net of $17,546,450 (9.7%) for all classes of property between 1993 and 1994.  Assessments on residential land and improvements and commercial improvements increased significantly while commercial and agricultural land and personal property assessments decreased.  Full-assessed value at the end of 1996 was $886,603,900.

 

Community Development Department

 

The Community Development Department (CDD) consists of the Director of Community Development, the Building Inspector, the Deputy Building  Inspector, and a Departmental Secretary.  It provides the Town with such services as coordinating development within and surrounding the Town with all appropriate local, state, regional and federal governments and agencies, development review and public assistance with such review, administration of subdivisions and site plan regulations, processing of zoning, variances and conditional use permits.  The CDD serves as staff to the Town’s Planning Commission and prepares grant applications and prepares numerous planning studies, reports and other development-oriented services.  The Building Inspector administers and enforces all State and local building codes for residential and commercial construction.  The Building Inspector also issues building permits.  The Deputy Building Inspector provides backup to the Building Inspector and also serves as Weed Commissioner.

 

 

 

 

 

Sewage Treatment and Sewer Service Area 

 

Sewage treatment services for the Town of Menasha are provided by two different regional sewage treatment facilities. The area to the west of Little Lake Buttes des Morts is served by a regional treatment facility that serves all of the Grand Chute/Menasha West Sewer Service Area.  This facility was recently updated and improved.  Flow capacity is now 7.44 million gallons per day which should be large enough to handle new development for another ten years.  Flowage from the Town makes up approximately 31% of the total flowage at this facility.  The eastern portion of the Town of Menasha is served by the Neenah-Menasha, Town of Menasha East regional plant.  This plant is also operating below capacity and has been performing well.  The region that is covered by this plant is already mostly developed; therefore, plant capacity should remain adequate well into the future.

 

A plan for waste treatment and sewer extensions is updated every five years according to State mandate.  The last one was prepared in 1992 by the ECWRPC.  A sewer extension was completed in 1995 to go south on Irish road from Jacobsen to the railroad.  Future plans include an extension of the Jacobsen Road line west to the Town boundary and on the relocated American Drive also to the west.

 

Water Service

 

The Town of Menasha is in the Fox Valley Water Quality Management area.  Sanitary District #4 provides water to the Town through the operation of four wells. On the east side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts, the Sanitary District operates one well and also purchases water from the City of Menasha. The well within the Town operates at near capacity; however, the ability to purchase water from the City of Menasha is nearly unlimited providing adequate supply at this time. 

 

 

 

 

On the west side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts, there are three deep wells operated by Sanitary District #4.  They are operating at about 50% capacity and one of the wells is considered a stand-by well.  There is adequate ground and elevated water storage for both sides of the Town.  Well capacity is estimated to be adequate for future development for many years to come.

 

There also exists a private well called the Glenview Region well that serves approximately 100 homes located between Hwy. 150 and CTH O.

 

 

Storm Water and Drainage

 

McMahon and Associates, Inc released two new studies entitled West Side Comprehensive Storm Water Drainage Study and East Side Comprehensive Storm Water Drainage Study in January 1996.  The reports discuss all drainage basins and sub-basins on the east and west sides of the Town of Menasha along with design methodology, analysis, and recommendations.  The studies found that there are several areas in the Town of Menasha that have inadequate storm water drainage that can lead to flooding.  On the east side, the priority ranking of the proposed storm sewers is as follows:

 

1.      Baldwin Court/George Street

2.      Manitowoc Road/Plank Road/Brighton Beach Road (a new pumping station is also recommended in this area)

3.      Southwood Drive/Wilson Avenue/Forestview Court

4.      Valley Road

5.     Winwood Lane/Lakespur Drive/Omega Drive

6.     Gmeiner Road/George Street

7.     Anton Court

 

On the west side, areas recommend for improvement, in order of priority, are:

 

1.     K-C Research/Railroad culverts and detention pond

2.     CTH O detention pond

3.     STH 150 36-inch storm sewer

4.     O'Hauser Park detention pond

 

The studies indicate the need to ensure that developers are responsible for constructing adequate drainage facilities for future developments in accordance with an officially adopted comprehensive drainage plan that is outlined in the storm water studies.  The studies also recommend that periodic maintenance of existing ditches and culverts should be continued in order to restore them to their maximum operating capacity.

 

 

 

Industry

 

Paper product manufacturing industries are the largest employers in the Town of Menasha.  Kimberly Clark and Wisconsin Tissue Mills are the two largest employers.

 


 

 

Company                                               Product                                                  Union                     Employees

 

Kimberly Clark Corp.                           Paper Products                                     UPIU                      5,800

Wisconsin Tissue Mills                      Paper Products                                     UPIU                      1,450      

Pierce Manufacturing                          Fire Truck Chassis and Bodies          none                       1,160

Outlook Graphics Corp.                      Printing, Packing, Mailing  none                       1,200

Hayes Manufacturing                         Spiral Paper Cores                                none                       150

Great Northern Corp.                           Corrugated Boxes                                UPIU                      200

JJ Plank Corp.                                       Paper Machines                                   none                       100

 

Railroad Service

 

Wisconsin Central Limited and Fox Valley and Western Limited (under the same ownership) are currently in operation through the Town of Menasha.  The railroad companies are in the process of consolidating.  All of the public crossings have been updated in recent years with the exception of one that will be updated soon.

 

Public Transportation

 

Mini-van service is provided for elderly and special needs riders through County funding and patron fees.  Door to door service with wheelchair accessibility between the Town of Menasha and all locations within the designated zones is available for riders who request service one day in advance. This service provides approximately 8,000 rides per year to residents of the Town of Menasha.  Regular bus service is also available within and in the vicinity of the Town. The Neenah-Menasha route (Route 30) travels on Hwy. 47 (Appleton Road) in the eastern portion of the Town and makes stops at the La Salle Clinic, Shopko, the City of Menasha Library and several other points of interest.  Route 30 goes south to the Neenah Transit Center and north to the Appleton Transit Center where transfers can be made.  Route 11 (Midway Road) also serves the eastern portion of the Town of Menasha following Appleton Road, Midway Road and Oneida Street.  The western portion of the Town is currently not serviced; the closest route is Route 1 (Prospect) which travels just north of the Town boundary on Prospect and Seminole.  Route 40 travels from the City of Neenah to the Fox River Mall in the Town of Grand Chute following American Drive and Cold Spring Road throught the Town of Menasha.


 

 

Airports

 

The Outagamie Regional Airport and the Winnebago County Airport provide full air travel services to the Town of Menasha and surrounding areas.   The proposed Outagamie County Airport Zoning Ordinance and Map will impact portions of the Town of Menasha if it is adopted.  Specifically, the northwest side of Little Lake Buttes des Morts would be located within Airport Overlay District Zones 2 and 3, as would the north end of Clayton Avenue.   Permitted uses in Zone 2 are limited to agricultural and light recreation.  Special uses include low-density residential, commercial and industrial development.   Zone 3 would allow the same types of development, but at slightly higher densities.  The Airport Height Limitations Map does apply to portions of the Town of Menasha.  The Outagamie County Airport Zoning Ordinance states that “Buildings and structures shall not exceed the height permitted within the height limitation zones, a part of the airport master plan (1981) and incorporated herein.  The permitted height shall not exceed the difference between the grade elevation and the height limitation numbers shown within the various mapped zoned boundaries of the height limitation zoning map located in the office of the County Zoning Administrator.”

 


 

 

 

III.  TOWN OF MENASHA PLANNING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

 

The Planning Consultant has developed the following goals and objectives with the assistance of Town officials, residents, property owners and other interested persons.  These goals and objectives are intended to serve as guides for preparing and implementing the recommendations presented in later chapters of the Town of Menasha Comprehensive Development Plan.  It should be noted that the goals, objectives and policies outlined in the Long-Range Transportation/Land Use Plan for the Fox Cities, Oshkosh and Fond du Lac Urban Areas December 1994 prepared by the East Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission (ECWRPC) have been incorporated into this Plan to foster implementation of Regional Objectives via local actions.  The Town of Menasha Comprehensive Development Plan is intended to be consistent with the goals, objectives and policies of the ECWRPC plan.

 

The goal setting process for the Town of Menasha Comprehensive Plan includes the identification of present and future problems, the determination of aspirations in the form of goals and objectives, and the identification of strategic issues and priorities among them.  A problem is defined as an unsatisfactory condition, present or projected.  A goal is an ideal future condition to which the community aspires.  A goal is usually expressed in general terms and is not quantifiable.  An objective is an intermediate step toward attaining a goal and is more tangible and specific.  Objectives are measurable and attainable.  Policies are principles of land use design or development management that are derived from goals, but aimed more specifically at what the government can do to attain the goals.  Policies typically use imperatives such as "shall" and "should."  Policies can be expressed as specific standards.

 

The development of goals and objectives is a key element of the comprehensive community planning process.  The goals and objectives are intended to express the basic values, desires and needs of the community with respect to physical development and redevelopment.  Further, they contribute to the successful implementation of the Plan after it is adopted by providing guidelines for judging new development proposals.  Essentially, they define the Town's vision for the future and provide guidance for realizing that vision.

 

 


 

 

GROWTH MANAGEMENT

 

Goal 1-1: To encourage an orderly and planned pattern of community growth and development.

 

Objective 1-1.1: Promote a balanced allocation of land areas to accommodate current and future urban development needs.

 

Objective 1-1.2: Promote planned urban communities that contain centralized, compact, contiguous and compatible urban development patterns.

 

Objective 1-1.3: Promote urban development that is environmentally sound and compatible with the natural resource base.

 

 

Objective 1-1.4: Promote urban development in an efficient and economical manner.

 

Objective 1-1.5: Encourage urban development consistent with distinctive individual community character and identity.

 

Objective 1-1.6: Prevent the intermingling of rural and urban land uses and promote rural development that meets the needs of residents and landowners in a compatible, cost-effective and environmentally sound manner.

 


 

 

LAND USE

 

Goal 2-1: Ensure that the character, magnitude and location of all land uses provides a system for orderly growth and development that achieves a balanced natural, physical, and economic environment, and enhances the quality of life of all residents.

 

Objective 2-1.1: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall prepare, adopt, implement and enforce land development regulations that effectively guide and manage future growth.

 

Policy 2-1.1.1: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall adopt zoning and land division regulations which will regulate: all land uses shown on the Land Use Map, the subdivision of land, the location, size and the height of signage, and areas subject to seasonal or periodic flooding, transportation issues, conservative land protection, and levels of service criteria.

 

Policy 2-1.1.2: The Town shall develop and adopt by October 1, 2000 , specific ordinances that provide for drainage and stormwater management and protect potable water well fields and aquifer recharge areas.

 

Policy 2-1.1.3: The adopted zoning and land development regulations shall ensure properly designed and safe ingress/egress is available to all sites, and that on-site traffic flow and parking shall be adequate to meet annual maximum daily requirements.                           

 

Policy 2-1.1.4: The adopted zoning and land division regulations shall ensure and provide that development orders shall be issued only upon certification that transportation facilities, water, sewer, and solid waste, required services are available to serve proposed development at the adopted level of service, or are committed to be available concurrent with a development’s completion.

 

Policy 2-1.1.5: In conformance with Objective 2-1.1, above, the Town shall establish, adopt and implement density and intensity standards for all future land uses, as applicable and as indicated on the Land Use Element Map and the adopted Town/County Zoning Map. 

 

Objective 2-1.2: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall provide and adopt a Town/County Zoning Map that ensures future development and redevelopment activities are located in appropriate areas of the Town as illustrated on the adopted Land Use Map, which shall be consistent with sound planning principals and provides for control of urban sprawl in conformance with directives of the adopted Land Use Element. 

 

Policy 2-1.2.1: The Town shall encourage the use of innovative land use development techniques such as planned development projects, zero lot line patio home subdivisions, and cluster housing techniques.

 

Policy 2-1.2.2: Concentrate higher density and intensity growth in and around areas that are adequately served by transportation facilities, public utilities, and community services and facilities.

 

Policy 2-1.2.3: Locate future land uses at densities and intensities which will control urban sprawl and leap-frog development that unduly depletes the physical, social, and fiscal resources of the Town.

 

Policy 2-1.2.4: High-density growth shall not be permitted in conservation areas, or those areas best suited for continued low-density development.

 

 

 

Policy 2-1.2.5: Residential subdivisions shall be designed to include an efficient system of internal circulation, including the provision of external collector streets, where applicable, to feed the traffic onto external arterial roads and highways.

 

Policy 2-1.2.6: Develop a broad diversity of residential densities to satisfy the housing preferences and income levels of all residents.

 

Policy 2-1.2.7: Protect residential areas from incompatible commercial and industrial uses.

 

Policy 2-1.2.8: Provide residential areas of sufficient density to economically support adequate community facilities.

 

Policy 2-1.2.9: Require  connection to Town water and sewer systems for new development.

 

Policy 2-1.2.10: Discourage isolated residential developments that require higher service costs through proper implementation of the Comprehensive Development Plan.

 

Policy 2-1.2.11: Direct urban growth by providing community facilities in prime expansion areas, and withhold these facilities from areas in which growth is to be discouraged.

 

Policy 2-1.2.12: Approve the location of new development on the basis of the land’s ability to support such uses without adversely affecting the natural environment through use of proper site plan review procedures and appropriate mitigation measures.

 

Policy 2-1.2.13: Prior to approval of locating future development, evaluate the impact of development on existing land use, in relation to transportation, essential services such as sewer and water, recreation and drainage.

 

Policy 2-1.2.14: Promote development of commercial areas which are convenient to the public, and well integrated into the transportation system, and surrounding land uses.

 

Policy 2-1.2.15: Encourage commercial activities to locate in designated commercial areas through the use of proper zoning district designation as appropriate to the intensity and type of use to be permitted as directed in the Land Use Element.

 

Policy 2-1.2.16: Prohibit commercial activities from locating in wetlands, 100 year floodplains, and delineated conservation areas through the use of proper site plan review procedures and adopted flood plain management objectives and policies of this plan.

 

Policy 2-1.2.17: Locate planned shopping centers and developments serving regional and community-wide markets at the intersections of existing and proposed arterial roadways, in order to improve accessibility and minimize unnecessary traffic.

 

Policy 2-1.2.18: Locate neighborhood shopping facilities within defined neighborhoods, situated on collector roads.

 

Policy 2-1.2.19: Concentrate heavy commercial activities and buffer them from residential and open space areas.

 

 

 

Policy 2-1.2.20: Require adequate off-street parking and loading facilities in all commercial areas.

 

Policy 2-1.2.21: The Town shall, through application of proper development review procedures, permit industrial development which is compatible with the natural environment, while planning the development of prime industrial land in accordance with anticipated development trends.

 

Policy 2-1.2.22: Specifically permit the type, intensity, and location of industrial development in such a way as to foster a diversified economic base, while not being detrimental to the Town’s aesthetics and the quality of life through appropriate zoning district designation and adherence to proper planning principles.

 

Policy 2-1.2.23: Designate the expansion of industry in those areas already having industrial amenities.

 

Policy 2-1.2.24: Permit the clustering of industrial activities in industrial parks located in designated industrial nodes” which are accessible to adequate transportation facilities.

 

Policy 2-1.2.25: Protect existing industrial areas from encroachment by residential and non-compatible commercial uses.

 

Policy 2-1.2.26: Separate industrial districts from residential and commercial districts through adequate buffering and screening.

 

Policy 2-1.2.27: Provide an adequate amount of land suitable to meet the growing industrial and employment needs of the Town.

 

Policy 2-1.2.28: Disapprove industrial rezoning requests for lands that are not located in industrial areas or are incompatible with adjacent land uses.

 

Policy 2-1.2.29: Disallow industrial activities from locating in wetlands, 100-year flood zones, and delineated conservation areas where adverse natural system impacts will occur.

 

Objective 2-1.3: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall provide appropriate measures to ensure that all public facilities and services necessary to meet adopted levels of service standards are available concurrent with the impacts of the development through land development regulations.

 

Policy 2-1.3.1: Development permits shall be subject to certification that a stormwater permit has been issued or exempted by Winnebago County and the Town of Menasha.

 

Policy 2-1.3.2: Development permits shall be issued only when level of service for stormwater management can be met and demonstrated to the Department of Community Development by site design plans.

 

Policy 2-1.3.3: Mixed land uses shall be permitted in the designated areas as shown on the Land Use Map in accordance with directives of the Land Use Plan, zoning district designations specified in the adopted zoning regulations. 

 

 

 

 

Policy 2-1.3.4: The zone of protection shall be determined for each well in compliance with State and Federal requirements.

 

Policy 2-1.3.5: All delineated conservation land in the Town including ponds, wetlands, drainage conduits, and their associated vegetative communities, shall be conserved and protected from the effects of urbanization and development activities through proper site plan review procedure and mitigation measures.

 

Policy 2-1.3.6: On-site traffic flow shall be controlled for safety, with appropriate marking and signage while minimizing egress on to arterial roads, and providing a shared frontage road or drive as designated in the traffic circulation element.                                                               

 

Policy 2-1.3.7: On-site parking requirements for multi-family and commercial development shall be required to provide adequate parking for conditions of maximal demand.

 

Policy 2-1.3.8: Require the dedication and construction of frontage roads or shared driveways to minimize the number of curb cuts on major roads.                                    

 

Policy 2-1.3.9: The development of residential, commercial and industrial land uses shall be timed and staged in conjunction with provision of supporting community facilities, such as but not limited to transportation, water, sewers, stormwater and recreation.

 

Policy 2-1.3.10: The developer/owner of any site shall retain ultimate responsibility for on-site construction, maintenance, and management of stormwater run-off, which shall be provided in such a manner to comply with Town, County and State requirements.

 

Objective 2-1.4: By October 1, 1999, the Town shall provide necessary measures to identify, preserve and protect historical resources.

 

Policy 2-1.4.1: Historic designations shall be encouraged, when appropriate, for the purpose of preserving and protecting its character through the use of the Federal Designation process.

 

Policy 2-1.4.2: The Town shall contact the State Historical Society of Wisconsin if and when construction activities reveal suspected historical or pre-historical archaeological sites may be affected.

 

Objective 2-1.5: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall implement housing recommendations for renewal and revitalization of substandard housing within timeframes and scope of assistance as identified within this Plan, using CDBG funds or other State or Federal Assistance if its available.

 

Policy 2-1.5.1: The Town shall utilize available governmental programs as appropriate for renewal and revitalization of substandard housing targets.

 

Objective 2-1.6: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall provide specific mechanisms that reduce existing land uses that are inconsistent with the adopted Land Use Plan.

 

Policy 2-1.6.1: The Town shall through the adoption of this plan and implementation of ordinances reduce or eliminate land uses that are inconsistent.

 

 

 

Objective 2-1.7: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall investigate, initiate, and enforce such regulations as are necessary to ensure protection of the Town’s natural resources.

 

Policy 2-1.7.1: The Town shall through the initiation and enforcement of the goals, objectives and policies of the adopted Comprehensive Plan and adoption and implementation of Town and County ordinances which provide protective mechanisms for natural resources.

 

Objective 2-1.8: In conformance with concurrency objectives of the adopted Comprehensive Plan, the Town shall ensure that suitable land is available for public utility facilities to support proposed development as applicable and necessary.

 

Policy 2-1.8.1: The Town shall monitor, evaluate and provide level of service standards as applicable and necessary to ensure that suitable land is available for public utility facilities to support proposed development.

 

Objective 2-1.9: By October 1, 2000 , the Town shall adopt land development regulations that contain directives that utilize innovative land development concepts.

 

Policy 2-1.9.1: The adopted Town/County Zoning Ordinance shall provide criteria to accommodate innovative land development techniques.

 

GOAL 2-2: To ensure that the character and location of all types of land use within the Town of Menasha contribute to the general health, safety and welfare of the community’s residents and property owners.

 

Objective 2-2.1: Encourage the use of innovative land use design and development tools including transit-oriented development, planned unit development, cluster zoning, urban design districts, access controls, and professional site plan and design review to foster high-quality, compact, pedestrian-oriented and mixed use developments.

 

Objective 2-2.2: Work towards achieving the highest and best use of all vacant and under utilized lands and buildings in the Town of Menasha through the implementation of long-range comprehensive planning and detailed neighborhood development plans.

 

Objective 2-2.3: Develop detailed zoning, land division, official map and capital improvement ordinances and design standards that will directly implement the Comprehensive Development Plan.  In some instances, this will require close coordination with Winnebago County.

 

Objective 2-2.4: Require all physical development and redevelopment decisions and actions in the Town of Menasha to be consistent with the Comprehensive Development Plan.

 

Objective 2-2.5: By January 1, 2000 , develop detailed neighborhood development plans for specific areas of the Town where new development and redevelopment is desired.

 

Objective 2-2.6: Coordinate land use planning activities in the Town of Menasha with planning activities in neighboring jurisdictions and the region.

 

Objective 2-2.7: Guide new development and redevelopment only to those areas in the Town that are well suited for urban development.

 

 

Objective 2-2.8: Provide for the complete range of basic land uses including residential, commercial, office, industrial, parks and open space, and institutional in the Town of Menasha by designating areas most appropriate for such uses on the Town’s long-range Land Use Plan Map and on detailed neighborhood development plan maps.

 

Objective 2-2.9: Protect established, viable neighborhoods from intrusions by incompatible land uses.  In some areas of the Town, some mixture of uses may be desirable to facilitate transit use and pedestrian activity.  Mixed-use areas should be developed in accordance with a Town-adopted neighborhood development plan.

 

Objective 2-2.10: Permanently protect environmental corridors from development through a combination of zoning, official mapping, public acquisition, developer land dedications and other options.

 

Objective 2-2.11: Achieve a compact, efficient development pattern in the Town by requiring high-quality site design and the efficient provision of municipal services.  New development and redevelopment should be guided by Town-adopted neighborhood development plans.

 

Objective 2-2.12: Prevent strip commercial development along major thoroughfares that serve the Town by encouraging cluster development in pre-designated commercial areas that are consistent with Town-adopted neighborhood development plans.

 

Objective 2-2.13: Protect the economic viability of existing business districts in the Town of Menasha by carefully zoning undeveloped or redeveloping areas in the Town.  Avoid over-zoning areas for specific types of land use (e.g. zone lands based upon reasonable current and future needs of the neighborhood, community and region for specific types of land use.).

 

Objective 2-2.14: Plan for the development of potentially incompatible land uses such as residential and commercial or industrial by requiring that adequate mitigation measures such as bufferyards, vegetative or structural screening, high quality site planning, sound-proofing, traffic access control of parking lot lighting are incorporated into the design of these uses.

 

Objective 2-2.15: Coordinate land development and redevelopment projects with transportation system projects such as the West Side Arterial, and the USH 10 western extension, in order to achieve the highest and best use of vacant or underutilized lands.

 

Objective 2-2.16: Coordinate land use planning activities in the Town of Menasha with the plans and activities of school districts, sanitary districts, transit systems and other providers of municipal services and facilities.

 

Objective 2-2.17: Improve the visual quality and physical design of the Town of Menasha by working with Winnebago County to develop and continue to enforce signage, landscaping, property maintenance, site plan review, building design, parking and outdoor storage regulations which foster high quality urban development.  This is especially important for lands along the new USH 10 western extension corridor and the West Side Arterial corridor.

 

Objective 2-2.18: Amend the existing zoning ordinance and zoning map to be consistent with the